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Map users to Search Guard roles
Hint: You can also use the Kibana Confguration GUI for configuring the Roles Mapping.
After a user is authenticated, Search Guard uses the role mappings to determine which Search Guard roles should be assigned to the user.
You can use the following data to assign a user to one or more Search Guard roles:
- the name of the authenticated user.
- backend roles
- the backend roles of the user as collected in the authentication / authorization step
- e.g. backend roles defined in the internal user database
- e.g. LDAP groups
- e.g. JWT claims or SAML assertions
- hostname / IP
- the hostname or IP the request originated from.
- Common name
- the DN of the client certificate sent with the request.
Users, backend roles and hosts are mapped to Search Guard roles in the file
_sg_meta: type: "rolesmapping" config_version: 2 <Search Guard role name>: users: - <username> - ... backend_roles: - <rolename> - ... hosts: - <hostname> - ...
sg_read_write: users: - janedoe - johndoe backend_roles: - management - operations - 'cn=ldaprole,ou=groups,dc=example,dc=com' hosts: - "*.devops.company.com"
A request can be assigned to one or more Search Guard roles. If a request is mapped to more than one role, the permissions of these roles are combined.
Use wildcards and regular expressions
For users, backendroles, and hosts you can also use wildcards and regular expressions.
- An asterisk (
*) will match any character sequence (or an empty sequence)
- A question mark (
?) will match any single character (but NOT empty character)
- Regular expressions have to be enclosed in
'/\S*/'will match any non whitespace characters
Advanced: Hostname lookup
Search Guard provides three different approaches to resolve the actual hostname against the configured hosts mapping in
sg_roles_mapping. This can be configured in
searchguard dynamic hosts_resolver_mode: <mode>
Where mode is one of:
|ip-only||Match IP addresses only. Default.|
|ip-hostname||Match IP addresses and hostnames|
|ip-hostname-lookup||Match IP addresses and hostnames, and perform a reverse hostname lookup|