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Using and defining action groups
Hint: You can also use the Kibana Confguration GUI for configuring the Action Groups.
An action group is simply a collection of permissions with a telling name. Action groups are defined in the file
sg_action_groups.yml and can be referred to in
sg_roles.yml. Action groups can be nested.
The file structure is very simple:
<action group name>: - '<permission or action groups>' - '<permission or action group>' - ...
The action group name must not contain dots.
Using action groups is the preferred way of assigning permissions to a role.
Pre-defined action groups
Search Guard ships with a list of pre-defined action groups that are suitable for most use cases.
|UNLIMITED||Grants complete access, can be used on index- and cluster-level. Equates to
Index-level action groups
|INDICES_ALL||Grants all permissions on the index. Equates to
|GET||Grants permission to use get and mget actions only|
|READ||Grants read permissions like get, mget or getting field mappings, and search permissons|
|WRITE||Grants write permissions to documents|
|DELETE||Grants permission to delete documents|
|CRUD||Combines the READ, WRITE and DELETE action groups|
|SEARCH||Grants permission to search documents. Includes SUGGEST.|
|SUGGEST||Grants permission to use the suggest API. Already included in the READ action group.|
|CREATE_INDEX||Grants permission to create indices and mappings|
|INDICES_MONITOR||Grants permission to execute all actions regarding index monitoring, e.g. recovery, segments info, index stats & status|
|MANAGE_ALIASES||Grants permission to manage aliases|
Cluster-level action groups
|CLUSTER_ALL||Grants all cluster permissions. Equates to
|CLUSTER_MONITOR||Grants all cluster monitoring permissions. Equates to
|CLUSTER_COMPOSITE_OPS_RO||Grants read-only permissions to execute multi requests like mget, msearch or mtv, plus permission to query for aliases.|
|MANAGE_SNAPSHOTS||Grants full permissions to manage snapshots and repositories.|
Multi- and bulk requests
To execute mult- and bulk requests, the respective user needs to have
- multi and/or bulk permission on cluster level.
- the respective permission(s) on index level
For example, if a user exeuctes a bulk request containing a delete request for index1 and an update request for index2, three permissions are required
- bulk permission on cluster level
- delete permission for index1
- write permission for index2
Defining your own action groups
You can define your own action groups in
sg_action_groups.yml. You can use any name you want. And you can also reference an action group from within another action group:
SEARCH: - "indices:data/read/search*" - "indices:data/read/msearch*" - SUGGEST SUGGEST: - "indices:data/read/suggest*"
In this case, the action group
SEARCH includes the (wildcarded)
msearch* permissions, and also all permissions defined by the action group
You can then reference these action groups in the file
sg_roles.yml simply by name:
sg_readall: indices: '*': '*': - SEARCH